The pulp is the hollow inner core of the tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels, connective tissue and reparative cells (see Figure 1). In children, dental caries (cavities) and traumatic injury are the two main indications for pulpal therapy (also known as -paediatric root canal,- -pulpotomy- or -pulpectomy-). The primary objective of pulpal therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of the teeth and supporting tissues; thus, its treatment objective is to maintain the vitality of the pulp of a tooth affected by caries or traumatic injury.

In young permanent teeth with immature roots, the pulp is important for the continuation of apexogenesis (the continuation of the closure of the tip of the root, or apex, as the child gets older). Long-term retention of a permanent tooth requires a root with a favourable crown/root ratio and dentinal walls that are thick enough to withstand normal function. Therefore, pulp preservation is the primary goal for the treatment of young permanent dentition. A tooth without a vital pulp, however, can still remain clinically functional.

The vitality of the pulp is the most important focus of a dental examination and check-up because it is the basis of the indications, objectives and type of pulpal therapy that will be used. The pulp may be classified as normal (i.e., symptom free and with normal response to vitality testing), with reversible pulpitis (i.e., the pulp is capable of healing), with symptomatic or asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis (i.e., vital inflamed pulp is incapable of healing), or necrotic pulp.

The clinical diagnosis is derived from a comprehensive review of the medical and dental history, including current symptoms and chief complaint; subjective evaluation of the area associated with the current symptoms/chief complaint, which is accomplished by questioning the child and parent(s) on the location, intensity, duration, stimulus, relief and spontaneity of pain;

objective extraoral examination and intraoral soft and hard tissue examination; radiograph(s) to diagnose pulpitis or necrosis showing the involved tooth, furcation, periapical area and the surrounding bone; and clinical tests such as palpation, percussion and mobility.

A treatment plan should include the following:

1. The patient’s medical history

2. The value of each involved tooth in relation to the child’s overall development

3. Alternatives to pulp treatment

4. Restorability of the tooth.

For more information please visit: e-deneducation Dental Courses

Karen McDonagh is a proud contributing author and writes articles on several subjects including Dental Courses. She is passionate for Dental Education Professional and always looking for better ways to educate people.

Becoming a medical assistant presents the unique opportunity for someone to pursue a career in which they are able to take on meaningful work while simultaneously earning a competitive salary. It is without a doubt that there are a number of benefits in becoming a medical assistant. Take for example that the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics reported jobs for medical assistants will grow by thirty four percent through 2018, meaning those entering the field will have a very high chance of being employed. What are often times left out of the conversation about pursuing the position of medical assistant, however, are the challenges one must face upon gaining employment.

Much like the position of a nurse or doctor, a medical assistant faces an abnormal amount of stress in the workplace. This is due to the work at hand: medical assistants deal with life or death situations such as serious surgeries and potentially harmful operations. Unlike most other professions, when a medical assistant makes a mistake it could cost someones life. Additionally, many medical assistants have noted that doctors tend to be very stern or condescending towards them, often times taking their superior position a bit too far. Experts recommend that those looking to become medical assistants should be able to work competently under stressful situations and have many refer to as thick skin when dealing their superiors.

While the standard job for Americans operates from 9am to 5pm from Monday to Friday, medical assistants are often expected to work additional hours, nights, and weekends. Depending on where a medical assistant is employed be it inpatient, outpatient, hospital, medical office, or clinic they may be expected to work around the clock or at odd hours depending on the centers unique needs. Also, because medical assistants are often designated to work with specific patients they might have to work undesirable hours depending on emergencies, complications, or a patients needs. Medical assistants have reported extreme fatigue and exhaustion from working long, odd hours and end up feeling worn down by the end of a work week.

With any job, it is very important to consider every aspect before jumping into the field head first. While the position of medical assistant has a number of perks, it is important to consider the significant amount of stress and fatigue that medical assistants have reported as a result of their job.

Subaquatic treadmills- Aquabilt human powered treadmills can really help in commencing aquatic therapy after knee replacement surgery may lead to better after surgery rehabilitation. Are you familiar with Aquatic therapy? Starting aquatic therapy within eight days after total or partial knee surgery will frequently lead to more appropriate post-surgery results. Following full-blown hip replacement surgery, patients may have better results if they begin aquatic therapy after their wound has healed. Expeditiously beginning aquatic therapy following hip replacement surgery has really shown impressive results.

Using Aquabilt treadmills has demonstrated preferable outcomes for patients after total hip and total knee replacement surgeries. A recent study shows that timing can be urgently important when it comes to post-surgery aquatic therapy. A growing number of studies are substantiating a clinically important effect on the health-related quality of life after [total knee replacement surgery] by a factor that can be influenced by the healthcare professional, according to health therapist’s data.

Subaquatic treadmills similar to the AquacisePro human powered treadmills have become accepted equipment for professional athletes because trainers know they are functional for strength and condition training with little risk for injury and can greatly diminish down time for injured athletes. Aquabilt treadmills are made available by AquacisePro as well as their traders in the U.S. and overseas.

Pro athletes be the only ones to have access to this class of equipment that the rest of us could benefit from? Aquabilt under water non powered treadmills offer a state of the art underwater treadmill to all consumers at any fitness or health level. Using AquacisePro treadmills transforms underused pools into home gyms, providing an unique, low impact, high intensity workout that is perfect for all ages and fitness levels.

The Aquabilt Underwater Treadmill can be put into any in-ground or above-ground pool with a water level up to the mid-chest. It is lightweight, uses no power-driven equipment and is able to be kept in the pool year round or store conveniently in a closet. Different from traditional treadmills, the Aquabilt Underwater Treadmill remains maintenance free in large part due to its robust, motor-less design. Submerged treadmills like the AquacisePro treadmills can really help in commencing aquatic therapy after knee replacement surgery and likely lead to better post surgery rehabilitation.

See this info resource for cost effective aquatic treadmills. Bernhart is a consultant, speaker and author, and is the founder and directing director of a highly regarded newsletter discussing trainging and its impact to athletes, strengthening patients and unconventional endurance sports. Subaquatic treadmills similar to the Aquabilt treadmills can really help in engaging aquatic therapy after total knee replacement surgery and likely lead to better post-surgery rehabilitation.

Yoga therapy has been sitting by quietly, while the mainstream population has begun to “try Yoga,” but that may soon change. With the world’s governments and financial markets struggling along, there will be many changes in the near future. The world’s governments will have to consider the massive cost of national defense, retirement programs, education, healthcare, energy, education, and preventative health.

At this time, prevention in healthcare is a “field of dreams.” As we know, some medical conditions are inherent within our specific genetic pool. However, there are many ailments, diseases, and conditions, which are preventable.

This is where healing modalities such as, Yoga therapy can become cost-effective alternatives to an over burdened medical system. Below is a question and answer session about the need for Yoga as a recognized form of therapy.

Q: What is Yoga Therapy?

A: Most of today’s Yoga therapy can be traced back to Sri Swami Tirumalai Krishnamacharya, who trained his share of modern masters, including his son T.K.V. Desikachar (Viniyoga) and B.K.S. Iyengar (Iyengar Yoga).

Yoga has therapeutic value and can be modified for any person. This is not the same form of Yoga movement seen in most health clubs. Yoga therapy involves teaching customized techniques, to one individual, based upon his or her specific needs.

This may encompass postures, specific breathing, meditation, and a large variety of Yogic techniques. The Yoga therapist’s primary objective is to treat the whole person. Complete physical health cannot be separated from emotional and mental health.

In fact, spiritual health also plays an important factor in recovery. We know that the power of prayer, mantra, and positive affirmation, will enable a person to heal faster. There is much conflict over which specific religion a person practices. Yet, this is a private decision and, as such, should be left to the individual.

Q: Why should Yoga teachers be concerned with Yoga therapy?

A: Some teachers are content teaching athletic forms of Yoga. This is a wonderful thing, but as we, and our students, grow older, teachers become aware of a variety of ailments. Constant pain creates a need for relief, because you can think of nothing else.

If you have a migraine, or back pain, can you think of much else? The mind is totally focused on pain. Hence, there is a need for inner calm and pain relief, which therapeutic Yoga can give.

Q: What is Yoga Therapy’s future role in alternative health?

A: Yoga is the source of many different healing modalities. As I have stated many times, “Yoga is the mother of all health maintenance systems.” Contemporary medicine and Yoga therapy have plenty of space together on the path to heal humanity.

There is no shortage of people who are in pain. Yoga is a cost-effective form of therapy. Together, medicine and Yoga can effectively help people who are suffering from a variety of ailments.

Copyright 2008 – Paul Jerard / Aura Publications

Neuropathy, a disease of one or more peripheral nerves in the body, is not very common but does affect thousands of people in the United States alone. There are different causes of the neuropathy disease, including diabetes as one of the most common, but regardless of the actual cause, the disease occurs when certain nerves in the body are damaged. When a person has the disease, they typically experience pain and numbness in the associated area, most commonly the hands and feet. Neuropathy can be an extremely uncomfortable and painful disease, and those dealing with it must find a treatment to offer relief of their pain and discomfort.

Fortunately, there are different treatments available, including the laser treatment for neuropathy. The low light laser therapy works because it bypasses the blood stream, and helps deliver healing to the ailing body in a few different ways. The treatment uses bio-available energy through intact skin and jump-starts the healing process in the body. The laser therapy also works in a second way, by sending radiant infrared energy deep in the walls of the blood vessels. By opening up the electrical pathways in the body, nerve cells are able to be repaired and the patient gets relief of their pain as a result.

By going to a professional company and getting the therapy you want, you can get relief of your symptoms and live a healthier, more normal life. The laser therapy for neuropathy may be all you need to deal with those uncomfortable, often extremely painful symptoms caused by your disease and get back to your regular life. People living with this condition should realize there is hope and that there are treatments, which work. Even if you have tried other methods to no avail, the laser treatment is an ideal option and definitely worth a try.

People who suffer from daily symptoms of pain tire of taking chronic pain medication cocktails to alleviate their constant suffering. Yet, faced with the choice between feeling the pain and paying for expensive medications, most people reluctantly choose to spend the money for relief. There is however, good evidence to suggest that low level laser light therapy can replace a large portion of peoples dependence on medication.

The current environment in the medical field is one of tension. Doctors willing to go with the newest developments may quickly prescribe, or direct patients to laser therapy, while other traditional practitioners continue to resist these new ways of treating infirmity. Science is on the side of the new developments, and thousands of medical research tests stand to prove the effects of cold laser therapy.

Understandably, if a person had to visit a clinic several times a week to reap the same benefits that he or she could get by taking pills as part of his or her morning routine, it might not be an improvement to switch to laser treatment. The great benefit lies in the reality that laser therapy units can be purchased and used from the comfort of a persons own home.

An initial investment is costly, several thousand dollars at least, but the long-term savings compared to continued prescription medication costs is more so. Moreover, daily use of a light therapy instrument may cure or permanently alleviate the sources of pain in a persons body. Not every person will experience total healing, but the science behind the treatment indicates that many people will, to some degree heal.

Low level laser light therapy is better than chronic pain medications because it, unlike the pills, stimulates bodily tissues to heal and self-repair. In severe cases, people suffering from cancer have used laser treatment to stimulate bone marrow growth, which in turn improved health and vitality leading to some level of recovery and daily vitality. No one claims that this therapeutic treatment is a replacement for all medical advances, but it certainly is a beneficial new development with great promise for its future.

When we take a look at the medical industry, we often amaze ourselves at the efficiency of the employees of the medical centers. However, most of us fail to realize that a major chunk of the credit for this competence goes to the persons responsible for the production of superior quality medical equipment’s which in turn make the medically related work simple and flawless.

One man who has known far and wide in this respect of producing and providing quality medical equipment is David Wayne Fish. The man is an impeccable blend of medical expertise as well as marketing genius, which explains his consistently firm grip on the market. It is not just the hospitals and other medical centers that have benefitted from his novel products; the equipment is being used extensively used in homes of the disabled and as a means of personal care by the health conscious.

His expertise and experience in the medical field has also earned him the repute of being a health guru and a professional trainer with people flocking him for advice related to workouts and health in general. He claims that regular exercise affects not only the body but also the mind and the psychology of a person. A person can get rid of his negativity, stress and tension. Also, contrary to popular belief, a good workout is a good way of dealing with exhaustion. By exercising, the energy levels of a person boost up and he becomes more active. The other benefits of exercise would be getting better sleep, anger-management, building focus, higher confidence and an improved social life. In simple words, regularly working out brings out the best in an individual.

While promoting workouts, David W. Fish also makes it a point to lay emphasis on the importance of a moderate workout. Just when other trainers are busy pushing their clients to the level of exhaustion, this man maintains that irrespective of the current health conditions of the person, in the beginning phase, workouts must be undertaken not more than five days a week for 30 minutes session each. Henceforth, the amount of time spent working out will depend on the goal that the person is intending to achieve through the fitness program. Another important piece of advice to people working on their fitness levels is that they should increase the intensity or duration of their workout at their own pace. Comparing one’s workout with others and forcing the body to do more than it can handle can lead to serious injury.

Have you ever thought about enrolling on an occupational therapy degree course?

If the answer to that question is yes and you are still interested, then why not take a look at the BSc Occupational Therapy degree course offered by us at the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Southampton?

Our occupational therapy degree course gives you the opportunity to integrate both scientific and creative skills. You will combine academic study with practice placements, which take place across a range of health and social care settings.

What is more, it is accredited by the College of Occupational Therapists, the World Federation of Occupational Therapists, and the Health and Care Professions Council giving you everything you need to get started in this challenging but rewarding profession.

As a student on our BSc Occupational Therapy degree course, you will develop the skills and knowledge you need to work in a range of practice settings. Plus, you will study the management and research skills required to equip you for your future professional practice.

Learning and assessment methods are varied and include both individual and group approaches. Essays, written exams and practical exams all form part of the picture when it comes to being assessed. You will also be judged on your ability to critically examine your own practice and manage your work competently throughout your occupational therapy degree course studies.

In terms of careers, our BSc Occupational Therapy degree course graduates have found employment in a variety of settings, including: hospitals, rehabilitation clinics, homeless hostels, schools and other care organisations.

During your career you will have the opportunity to go on to work as a senior practitioner, researcher, manager, lecturer, or consultant. You could also choose to specialise in a number of areas, including: physical rehabilitation, learning disabilities, or mental health.

There is more information about this occupational therapy degree course on the Health Sciences website. Just go to www.southampton.ac.uk/healthsciences

Ultrasound and Medicine

Medical ultrasonography is an extremely versatile variety of imaging technology. It has become a medical institution. Using obstetric sonography to see developing fetuses has become a rite of passage for many families. Medical ultrasonography is primarily used in diagnosing diseases, since it helps researchers get a closer look at the inner organs and muscles of patients. There may be other medical applications for ultrasound, which researchers are currently investigating. Ultrasound may be able to directly address medical problems, as opposed to simply providing new evidence for diagnoses.

Radial Shockwave Therapy

Radial shockwave therapy involves applying ultrasound acoustic pressure waves directly to tissues, which may help trigger the bodys biological healing mechanism and improve the rate and extent of tissue repair. There are certain conditions that would be more appropriate for radial shockwave therapy than others. Radial shockwave therapy is increasingly being used to treat conditions characterized by inflammation and pain, such as osteoarthritis, tennis elbow, bursitis, stress fractures, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, calcific rotator cuff, and anterior tibial syndrome. As such, it has numerous applications for sports medicine, where such conditions are relatively common. Elderly people or those with chronic conditions could also benefit from radial shockwave therapy. Pain patients may find pain relief in an unexpected place.

The treatments themselves will involve fairly brief sessions involving high pressure. For some people, these sessions may be uncomfortable, albeit not usually painful. People should usually take it easy for up to two days after their treatments, and they may be slightly discomforted afterwards. The treatment will have benefits that last, although they may not be immediately visible until months later. Having the right expectations for radial shockwave therapy will make the experience better for the patients and practitioners.

Complications

In certain cases, patients may have conditions that make radial shockwave therapy inadvisable in combination with them. It is certainly not appropriate for people in sensitive populations, such as pregnant women and people under the age of eighteen. Anyone who is suffering from cancer or related conditions, certain coagulation problems or heart diseases, certain complications from diabetes, or taking certain medications should not engage in radial shockwave therapy. In some cases, the problem area may be too inflamed, or in an inconvenient location with sensitive nerves and blood vessels. Technicians should be made aware of their patients medical history, and will most likely go through the list of appropriate medical conditions at the right time.

Within two weeks, the side effects should be gone, particularly if patients take it easy for two days following their sessions. The long-term benefits of radial shockwave therapy, combined with its minimal side effects, make it a viable option for many people.

Physical Therapy involves manipulating the various parts of the body to relieve pain, improve mobility and function, and improve body strength to help an individual to enjoy a better quality of life in the process. It also involves helping people avoid injuries and improve energy levels, staying physically fit. This therapy involves the evaluation of an individual to come up with the treatment plan and the plan may be related to trauma or disease, or it may also make for regular health program that will help you enjoy a better quality of life .If you have difficulty, even with the long-term health plan, Physical Therapy can be incredibly useful, because it will be personalized to help you reach your health and fitness goals.

Treatment of many injuries – Physical Therapy is now considered an important treatment of many injuries and physical disorders. The exercises are designed to help patients get the most complete range of motion as possible. This means that therapy is usually complete the work a lot of patient. Many doctors who treat pain also actively used by physical therapists to help relieving the painful condition, depending on the cause of the problem. Therapists are not just a physical education instructor, but are trained to help patients recover the maximum amount of functionality possible.

This therapy plays a critical role in helping the children with physical disabilities many other conditions of development. This work may be the year in order to gain some valuable benefits only child, but it’s one of the benefits of increasing physical therapist. Therapists work to help maintain or improve bone, muscle and joint use of all of the specialized treatment and effort. They’ve got a licensed professional who has done wonders with the children and adults of all ages. As our society ages, physical therapy as a career will become increasingly important.

Physical therapists specialize in different areas, such as orthopedic, geriatric, neurological, cardiovascular and pulmonary, children, health and wellness and other types of rehabilitation.

Physical Therapy Benefits for Back Pain –

If you are looking for ways to relieve back pain without medications, then physical therapy is the best method. Back pain is one of the most common problems in today life. Lack of any kind of physical activity and sitting in uncomfortable position for a long time due to back pain. In the absence of any lifestyle change, back pain often occurs and becomes chronic. Back pain can be treated with physical therapy, home remedies and surgical support.

It is the best and effective treatment method is considered to relieve back, neck and shoulder pain. Physical Therapy, in most cases, is used to relieve back pain without the use of drugs or surgery. However, your doctor may prescribe physical therapy to be followed after the restoration operation. It is one of the best methods of treatment used in the treatment of chronic back pain.